Rama Setu: Ramayana tradition

November 04, 2007

Readers’ Forum

Selective atheism of Karunanidhi (Organiser, 7-10-2007); On the basis of a little study made, I find that even in the Sangam period, before Christ, in Cirupanarrupadai it is mentioned that a king called Nalliyakadam was one of several kings who ruled over Lanka (Ceylon) with his residence at Amur. Lanka was very much eulogized (Cirupanarrupadai 11:161.221), which was quoted on p. 13 by Rasanayagam Mudaliar in Ancient Jaffna (1926, reprint by A.E.S. Delhi). Dr. M.D. Raghavan, Ethnologist Emeritus of the National Museum of Ceylon and eminent scholar, writes about Lanka of the Ramayana in India in Ceylonese history and culture, 1969 ICCR Delhi: “Ceylon is full of reminiscences with unmistakable link scenes and stories with Ravana and his days such as Ravan Ella cave, Ravana’s waterfall etc…” In Grihasamhita of Varahmihira both names Lanka and Simhala occur as kingdoms to the south of India. According to him, it appears that the original island of Lanka submerged during the Sangam period when Simhala became popular. Simhaladwipa seems to have been the remnant of Lanka in the ages that followed the submergence; what were left were the more extensive dominions of Ravana’a Lanka (p.7). This shows the name Lanka was pre-Maurya and that the Ramayana was older than Buddhism. In ancient India and in ancient world, traditions and old narrations were not disregarded on the basis of very slender evidence by historians whose surmises are mere guesswork unless fully supported by solid evidence and etymological research that has yet to be done. Let us see what happens in other countries. For instance in the Bible, Moses is considered a great figure in Jewish history and he is given a date of about 1200 BC. But there is no archaeological evidence about him. He is not mentioned in Egyptian history. Yet the Jews and the Christians do not doubt his existence. Why should only Hindus doubt the great king Ram, when not only the Ramayana but the Puranas have also confirmed him?

—M.R. MALLYA,
120, Grihalakshmi Colony, Kamlanagar, Bangalore

http://tinyurl.com/23loup

Excerpts from the speech of KS Sudarshan delivered in Nagpur on Oct. 20, 2007The case of Ram Sethu has been given an interim stay by the Supreme Court. We must not dupe ourselves to think that the threat to Ram Sethu has vanished. The Central Shipping Minister Shri T.R. Balu is still saying that he will try to get the stay vacated and complete the task of Setu samudram canal by the end of December. Recently on October 17, addressing a joint press meet in Chennai

CPI-M state general secretary and CPI state secretary condemning the Centre for ‘yielding to the pressure of communal forces’, demanded to know why the Centre had sought three months time in the Supreme Court and agreed to consider an alternate alignment. “Why is the Union Government not firm in carrying out the project on the present alignment?” They said, other alignments were not acceptable since they would affect marine ecology and the livelihood of fishermen and the fishermen should be protected.

The reality, however, is that under the pressure of Leftists the Central Government submitted an affidavit in the Supreme Court in which they claimed that Rama did not exist at all. This deeply hurt the sentiments of crores of Hindus living in Bharat, as also all over the world. This was denying their very identity. Erstwhile socialist leader late Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, whom even the pseudo-secularists can’t accuse of being narrow-minded or retrogressive, had in a famous speech said that Rama connected North to South, Krishna connected East to West and Shiva is existing everywhere showering his blessings.

Those who question the historicity of Sri Rama, should take a lesson from the discoveries of Dr Ram Autar Sharma, who spent 24 years of his life in personally visiting 214 places where Rama had stayed during the 14 years he spent in forests as also 23 places where Rama had gone with Sage Vishwamitra upto Janakpur. He has photographed all those temples, lakes, rivers, ghats, huts etc. where Sri Rama treaded and also prepared a map of them all. The great effort put in by Dr Ram Autar is a slap on the face of all those who are denying the very existence of Shri Rama. What type of democratic set-up we are living in where the Central Cabinet Minister Shri Balu and Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Karunanidhi, are brazenly flouting the public opinion as also the opinions of scientists, astronomers, archeologists, geologists, environmentalists who are giving evidences of Rama’s existence? What right has such a minister to be in the Central Cabinet?

But Prime Minister Manmohan Singh very well knows that if the D.M.K. withdraws its support then the government will fall. Till now the communists were pressurising the government not to proceed with the nuclear deal, and, succumbing to that pressure the Prime Minister postponed it till 2009. Now, if Shri T.R. Balu and Karunanidhi of the D.M.K. exert their pressure to give a green signal to the SSC Project, will the P.M., riding rough-shod over the sentiments of crores of people, permit the breaking of the Rama Sethu? If he is a devout Sikh, will he ponder over the Shabad of Guru Nanakdeo in the Holy Guru Granth Sahib (page 942). Raga Ramakali in chapter ‘Siddha Gashta’ which says: “The Almighty has enabled all ‘Gurumukhs’ to reach their destination by walking on the ‘Name-bridge’. This name-bridge was instrumental in the loot of Lanka and all the demons of lust, anger etc. became powerless and full of agony Gurumukh Ramchandra killed Ravan in the form of ego and passing secrets by Vibhishan is nothing but his becoming knowledgeable by becoming to Gurumukh. The living beings in the form of boulders will also float across the worldly sea and many Gurumukh people have already attained salvation.” There are two words in the Sikh Religion—Gurumukh and Manmukha. Gurmukh means those who are beholden to God or Dharma and Manmukha means those who act according to their own whims and fancies.

It is a truth that the Sikhs worship the formless but Shri Guru Nanakdeo does not deny the forms also. He says –

‘You are with and without forms, You are with attributes and without attributes, You are One but You are many also’.

This whole creation is nothing but the manifestation of that Supreme Being. Therefore, Guru Nanakdeo explaining the unmanifest with the help of the manifest has taken recourse to Rama’s story in the above Shabad. Guru Nanakdeo travelled throughout the country as also abroad. In his journey to the South he went to Rameshwaram also. On page 146 of Twarikh Khalsa, the authoritative account of his journeys by Giani Gian Singh, it is written: ‘The temple of Rameshwaram is situated in an area of one ‘murabba’ (about 25 acres) where Sri Ramchandraji had consecrated the idol of Mahadeva’.

Guru Gobind Singhji himself in his composition Sarabloh on page 905 says—“Lord Rama ordered Nala and Sugreeva to summon all his warriors and begin the construction of the bridge. Immediately hordes of ‘monkeys’ began to construct the bridge by bringing boulders from Meru Mountain, uprooting trees and throwing them into the sea.”

The question arises why in the case of all these facts Shri Karunanidhi and Shri Balu are adamant in constructing the canal by breaching the Rama Sethu? Their argument is that today the distance between Tutukudi and Chennai by going round Shri Lanka is 750 nautical miles which requires 62.5 hours to traverse. If this canal is constructed the distance will only be 310 nautical miles which could be traversed in 25.8 hours thus saving 36.7 hours of journey. But marine experts say that the speed through the canal will be reduced to 6 nautical miles instead of 12-13 nm. in the open sea. Therefore the time saving will only be 29.75 hours. But embarking disembarking will take another two hours and hence the net time-saving will be only 27.75 hours. The claim that this will be cost-effective has been disapproved by Captain H. Balakrishnan. His calculation says:

Kolkata to Tutukudi
Circumnavigating Shri Lanka—Rs. 19,49,925.00 (Rs nineteen lakhs forty nine thousand nine hundred and twenty five)

Through the SS Canal—Rs. 19,51,126.00 (Rs nineteen lakhs fifty one thousand one hundred and twenty six)

Chennai to Tutukudi
Circumnavigating Shri Lanka—Rs. 13,25,405.00 (Rs thirteen lakhs twenty five thousand four hundred and five)

Through the SS Canal—Rs. 14,51,260.00 (Rs fourteen lakhs fifty one thousand two hundred and sixty)

Then why this adamant attitude? The reason is, America wants to establish her hegemony over the Bay of Bengal also. It has already its influence over the Indian Ocean because of her military base in Diago Garcia. The Palk Street and Gulf of Mannar exist in between Bharat and Sri Lanka. They form the historical waters between the two countries over which only they have their jurisdiction. On March 23, they signed an agreement through which they decided over a line to act as the boundary line between the two countries. But on June 23, 2005 the U.S.A. refused to accept these as the historical waters. On July 2, 2007 American warship Nimitz came to the Chennai sea port. When there was an opposition to its presence, the naval officer on the ship convened a press meet and declared before the media that the waters between Bharat and Sri Lanka are international waters. This exposes the intention of America and her interest in the SSCP.

China also has her design. China has established its strategic base in Coco islands adjacent to the Myanmar border and has established her jurisdiction over the Gwadar port of Pakistan. Similarly China is participating in the construction of a most modern sea-port in Hamantota situated on the south coast of Sri Lanka. Thus the strategies of both America and China have weakened the position of Bharat in its own historical waters. When the ships of U.S.A. and China begin to cruise between Bharat and Sri Lanka waters, the security of Bharat will be endangered. But look of the hypocrisy of the Indian Communists. They are opposing the nuclear deal between Bharat and U.S.A. on the ground that it will lead to American hegemony, but are keeping silent in the matter of SSCP only because it is going to benefit China also.

These stooges of China who can be aptly described as nation-wreckers, are the least concerned about the great damage that the SSCP is going to inflict on our country. ·         Telis, a scientist belonging to the famous Carneigi Institute of Research in Defence affairs has opined after a deep study that Bharat possesses the largest stock of Thorium in the world which can fulfill her energy requirements for a long time to come. Thorium is the rare earth, which is luminous as also slatish in colour. When heated in air it emits bluish light. It is named after Thor, the war-god of Scandinavia. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, ex-President of Bharat has opined: ‘The stock of uranium is very limited in Bharat and hence we are required to go into agreements with all sorts of people for its supply. Bharat has the largest stock of Thorium and hence we should concentrate more on getting our energy based on Thorium.’·         Bharatiya scientists are engaged in inventing a reactor based on Thorium fuel. Experiments are being conducted in Bhabha Atomic Research Centre at Mumbai. Shri K.V. Jayarama, a research scientist in Hyderabad has said that of the 11 lakhs tons of high quality Thorium available in the world, 31 per cent has been found to be deposited on the sea shores of Bharat only.·         The sea-waves in the Indian Ocean after bouncing from the Ram Sethu, create counter currents which push the rare-earth metals towards the shores of Bharat and Thorium is deposited in the three adjacent villages in Kanyakumari. According to the Indian laws it cannot be exported without the permission of Central Government. But flouting all those regulations some anti-social elements are engaged in exporting Thorium-rich sands to foreign countries. It is being done in two ways—One is by direct export of the sand. Another is by burying thick coconut ropes with a coating of glue on them. When they reach the destination, the sand is removed from the ropes. Those ropes are used for the ships. Who pockets the money is a matter for through impartial probe. Shri M.D. Nalpat, Professor of geo-politics in Manipal University avers that the irretrievable loss of Thorium entailed in breaching the Ram Sethu will be a great blow to the nuclear projects of our country.·         According to the Prof. C.S.P. Aiyar, managing director for Centre for Marine Analytical Reference and Standards—“Saving the marine live-stock in the Gulf of Mannar is a matter of utmost importance. Nowhere in the world except Ram Sethu can we find 3,600 species of marine life at one place.” Tsunami expert Prof. Tad S. Murthy had said in December 2005—“It is because of Ram Sethu that south Kerala coast was saved from the disaster striking Bharat on December 26, 2004. Retired Justices of Supreme Court Justice Krishna Aiyar and Justice K.T. Thomas have publicly appealed to the Central Government to abandon the SSCP. Justice K.T. Thomas says—“Things with which strong religious sentiments and thousands of years old traditions are attached should not be disturbed. Therefore, it is my strong conviction that Sri Ram Sethu should not be breached and alternative routes should be considered. I have also heard that Ram Sethu had protected Indian shores, specially in Kerala, during the Tsunami disaster.” And Justice Krishna Aiyar says—“I suspect that the haste with which the project is proposed to be completed, ignoring the welfare and the progress of the people of India, may be to further the interests of countries like America. About this I had sent an emergency message to our Hon. Prime Minister.”·         The NEERI report accepts that ‘200 out of 600 varieties of fishes are commercially important. There are 138 villages and towns spread in 5 districts through the costal area from Gulf of Mannar to Palk Strait in Tamil Nadu. Fishing has been the sole occupation of 16 lakh fisher folks living along the coasts whose main activities are—(1) fishing (2) seaweed collection (3) chunks collection with which shell bangles and anklets are prepared (4) coral mining (5) firewood collection and (6) agriculture. The fishermen are irked that they are allowed on the sea between 5 am to 9 am only for three days a week. More than 50 per cent of the fishermen in this area are in debt. If this project is implemented socio-economic problems will multiply due to unemployment.’ Now it is for you to decide as to who is telling the truth—Neeri scientists or leftists leaders of Tamil Nadu?http://tinyurl.com/29y3ec   

Friday, October 26, 2007

I have visited Rama’s bridge near Rameshwaram. I went there last year. Though the place assumes a lot of importance historically and religiously, there is no sign board or organised tourism to this place. We had to go asking local residents on the way.
Once we reach the nearby area (there is a newly built small hanuman temple) we have to take a motor boat to venture close to a kilo meter into the sea to reach Rama Sethu. Reaching there was not exactly a great experience, since there was no organised facility. I was told that a good view of the Sethu can be had during low tide times and especially during the nights or early mornings, I had chosen such a
time to visit the place. Once I reached the actual Sethu Site, I was astonished and was in loss of words. The bridge should be easily 40-50 feet wide (the visible part) and made of huge stones. For a normal logical mind it certainly does not seem to be a geographical phenomenon. It certainly looks like a huge manmade structure. At least that is was the structure of the bridge suggests.

Historical Facts
Let us get into a little bit of history and find out what the said
structure means factually.

This structure of close to 48 kilometers which is 3 to 30 feet deep through its course and was well above the sea level till the 15th century. The oldest recorded map that mentions of Rama’s Bridge is the Malabar Bowen Map of Netherlands which is supposed to have been made in 1747, where the map mentions no name to the bridge but has mention about a place Ramencoil. Further, the same place is mentioned again in a 1788 Map of Hindoostan available in the Sarasvathi Mahal
Library, Thanjavur.

This bridge has also been mentioned by James Rennel in his earliest maps of India 1788 as Rama’s Bridge. However, Rennel carefully and tactfully renamed the bridge as Adam’s Bridge in his 1804 version of the map.

Lying dormant under the waters, the bridge again came into light after the NASA’s satellite pictures released in the early 1990s created curiosity among historians and excitement among Dharmics. Tales started going around on the date of Rama’s Bridge starting from 1.75 million years to 3500 years. NASA though accepted the authenticity of the pictures, however refused to comment on the dating.

Few dating attempts have been made after that. While the Sri Lankan Archeological Department dates the bridge to close to 2 million years old, Centre For Remote Sensing, Bharathidasan University dated it close to 3500 years old.

While existence of this geographical phenomenon is not disputed, no research has been done to find out neither the man-made nature of the bridge nor the religious connection.

Religious Questions
For devout Dharmics who assume and believe the said structure or the geographical formation is a bridge built by Shri Rama, there are certainly a couple of religious questions that arise often. I have attempted to answer them supported by Valmiki’s Ramayana.

Why did Rama build a bridge instead of crossing over in a ship?
The number of soldiers in Rama’s army was huge. You might have to
build too many ships to cross over. Ramayana says “thousand crore
monkeys crossed over”. We can take this number to be a poetic
exaggeration, but the fact remains that the number was on a higher
side. Moreover, the sea god himself says that the waters are rough and
he will not be able to go against nature (even if god wishes, he
shall not breach the law of nature, is the beauty of Sanatana Dharma).
In slokas 2-22-25 to 2-22-28, the King of Ocean says, “O, beloved
Rama! Earth, wind ether, water and light remain fixed in their own
nature, resorting to their eternal path. Therefore, I am fathomless
and my nature is that it is impossible of being swum across. It
becomes unnatural if I am shallow. I am telling you the following
device to cross me. O, prince! Neither from desire nor ambition nor
fear nor from affection, I am able to solidify my waters inhabited by
alligators. O, Rama! I shall make it possible to see that
you are able to cross over. I will arrange a place for the monkeys to
cross me and bear with it. As far as the army crosses me, the
crocodiles will not be aggressive to them.”
How was it possible to build such a bridge across the Ocean?
It was a planned effort and did not happen easily. Nala, the son of
Viswakarma, the celestial architect was a good architect as his father.
I am giving below the slokas and their translations on the building of
the bridge. The posting of slokas are too long, but then just read
them, they are wonderful and worthwhile.
Valmiki describes construction of this bridge between Slokas 2-22-50
and 2-22-72
“I am a son born of Visvakarma’s own loins. I am equal to Viswakarma.
This god of Ocean has reminded me. The great ocean spoke the truth.
Being unasked, I have not told you my details earlier. I am capable of
constructing a bridge across the ocean. Hence, let the foremost of
monkeys build the bridge now itself. Then, being sent by Rama,
hundreds and thousands of monkey heroes jumped in joy on all sides
towards the great forest. Those army-chiefs of monkeys, who
resembled mountains, broke the rocks and trees there and dragged them
away towards the sea. Those monkeys filled the ocean with all types
of trees like Sala and Asvakarna, Dhava and bamboo, Kutaja, Arjuna,
palmyra,Tilaka, Tinisa, Bilva, Saptaparna, Karnika, in blossom as also
mango and Asoka. The excellent monkeys, the forest animals lifted and
brought, like Indra’s flag posts, some trees with roots intact and
some others without roots. From here and there the monkeys brought
Palmyra trees, pomegranate shrubs, coconut and Vibhitaka, Karira,
Bakula and neem trees. The huge bodied monkeys with mighty strength
uprooted elephant-sized rocks and mountains and transported them by
mechanical contrivances. The water, raised up due to sudden throwing
of mountains in the sea, soured upward towards the sky and from there
again, gushed back.
The rocks befalling on all sides perturbed the ocean. Some others drew
up strings a hundred Yojanas long (in order to keep the rocks in a
straight line.) Nala on his part initiated a monumental bridge in the
middle of the ocean. The bridge was built at that time with the
cooperation of other monkeys, of terrible doings. Some monkeys were
holding poles for measuring the bridge and some others collected the
material. Reeds and logs resembling clouds and mountains, brought
by hundreds of monkeys, lead by the command of Rama, fastened some
parts of the bridge. Monkeys constructed the bridge with trees having
blossom at the end of their boughs. Some monkeys looking like demons
seized rocks resembling mountains and peaks of mountains and appeared
running hither and thither. Then, a tumultuous sound occurred when the
rocks were thrown into the sea and when mountains were caused to fall
there. On the first day, fourteen Yojanas of bridge were constructed
by the monkeys speedily, thrilled with delight as they were,
resembling elephants. In the same manner, on the second day twenty
Yojanas of bridge were constructed speedily by the monkeys of terrific
bodies and of mighty strength. Thus, on the third day twenty-one
Yojanas of the bridge were constructed in the ocean speedily by the
monkeys with their colossal bodies. On the forth day, a further of
twenty-two Yojanas were constructed by the dashing monkeys with a
great speed. In that manner, on the fifth day, the monkeys working
quickly constructed twenty-three yojanas of the bridge up to the other
seashore. That Nala, the strong and illustrious son of Visvakarma and
an excellent monkey built the bridge across the sea as truly as his
father would have built it. That beautiful and lovely bridge
constructed by Nala across the ocean the abode of alligators, shone
brightly like a milky way of stars in the sky.”
Logical Questions to be Addressed
In the wake of Sethu Samudram Project, it is a known fact that the
historically and religiously important Rama’s Bridge would be
demolished to make way for a new shipping canal between India and Sri
Lanka. A few political parties have raised security concerns over
this idea and a few other experts have raised eyebrows on the
economic benefits this project could offer. However, I have done no
research on that subject and would not speak about security concerns
and economic benefits. Besides security issues and economic viability
the said project is attached to an extremely sensitive issue of
history and religion.
It is highly surprising how the said project was approved and cleared
by various departments (especially geology and archeological
departments). It is understandable that the said project has not gone
to their purview because no archeological activity or geological
research is happening in the current site. However, in the wake of
said allegations by various political parties, non-governmental
organizations and religious institutions, these departments could
have made a suo moto response to the Union Ministry of Shipping &
Transport to halt the project till a research is commenced and
concluded in the said site. The ministry in a self-confession in the
parliament has come out with a statement saying that ‘no
archeological work has been done in the said Rama’s Bridge site’. In
that case, it is highly inappropriate to demolish a structure which
has a historical and religious importance without a proper justified
research backing the decision.
Relevant to this case, there are a few questions that are still
unaddressed, say,
1) First and foremost question is that whether the said bridge is man-
made or a geological phenomenon.
2) If it were a geological phenomenon it would assume a great
importance for geologists and scientists, making it very important
for us to preserve it. It would probably become the oldest natural
rock formation in India and the biggest and oldest natural rock
formation of the world and the only one under the sea.
3) If it were man-made but not built by Rama, still it is of extreme
importance as an archeological site. Probably it would classify as
one of the man-made wonders of the world and the oldest ever man-made
bridge to exist.
4) If archeologists and theologists can prove it to be anywhere
closer related to Shri Rama, the importance would be the greatest,
since it has a religious connotation and probably the biggest find
relating the religion (especially Dharmic) and also of archeological
importance attached with religion.
Answers to these questions would certainly direct us to only one
conclusion – the Rama’s Bridge should not be touched for demolition.
It might/might not be a religious site, but it is certainly beyond
even what we call as “precious”. It is a natural phenomenon which has
surprised scientists and geologists by its sheer existence.
If Indian government tries demolishing Rama’s bridge for enabling a
shipping canal project, I might probably even think that the
government might take Qutab Minar off the place because it disrupts
traffic. I do not think the UPA government would want themselves to
be equated with the Taliban who destroyed Bamiyan Budhas while the
whole world witnessed. In both cases of Taliban and UPA government
the action is the same, destroying of world heritage, while only the
motive is different.
The word of caution is loud and open – Don’t Touch Rama’s Bridge.

http://archivesmymy.blogspot.com/2007/10/fwd-gvs-article-on-ramsethu.html

  1. AYODHYAJI :  Ayodhya was the capital of king Dashrath’s Kingdom.  From there the Saint Vishwamitra took Lord Ram and Laxman for the protection of his “Yagna” (Holy fire).
  2. SHRINGI AASHRAM :  Ancient Shringi Ashram is situated near Sherva Ghat on the banks of River Saryu, three kilometres north of Mehboob Ganj.  It is approximately twenty kilometres along the Saryu River from Ayodhyaji.  This is the abode of many saints and Rishis.  It is a common belief among the saints that Rishi Vishwamitra had educated Shri Ram about “Bala” and “Atibala” at this very place.  It is also believed that at that time, lots of Rishis were living there.  Rishi Vishwamitra stayed in their Ashram along with Shri Ram and Laxman.
  3. BHAIRAV MANDIR: It is believed that they stayed in the ancient Bhairav Temple, which is situated near Maharajganj, for a night.  Since they proceeded on their journey along the Saryu River and made night halts, it can be said with certainty that they went along this way.  Whether they had stayed here or at any other place during the night is a matter of further research.
  4. SALONA TAAL : There is a huge pond on the banks of River Saryu near Azmatgarh.  This pond is still full of water.  As per the common belief, Rishi Vishwamitra had gone along this way with Shri Ram and Laxman.  There is a Ram “Vatika” (Garden) near this pond and many temples of Lord Ram and Shiv are situated there.  This place is situated towards the North East of Azamgarh and is about 25 kilometres from there.
  5. BARUDUWARIA MANDIR: It is situated near Mau at the confluence of River Tons and Old Saryu.  There is a very old temple of Lord Shiva and it has twelve gates.  Even today, a very big fair is celebrated here on Kartik Poornima every year.  It is believed that Rishi Vishwamitra went along this way with Shri Ram and Laxman.
  6. RAM GHAT:  Ram Ghat is situated on the banks of River Saryu near Mau.  It is believed that Lord Rama took a bath here and went to Siddha Ashram along with Rishi Vishwamitra.  Even today people come from far-off places to take a bath here for the fulfillment of their wishes.
  7. SIDAGAR GHAT: The word ‘Sidagar’ is a distorted word for “Siddh Gan” (Group of Saints).  According to Valmiki Ramayan, many Rishis were living there on the banks of Saryu river and, perhaps, this is the same place.  Old Ram Ghat is also situated there.  It is the common belief that Rishi Vishwamitra went along this way.
  8. LAKHNESHWAR DEEH:  The word ‘Lakhneshwar’ is a distortion of Laxmaneshwar and ‘Deeh’ means an old mound of clay.  As per common belief, while going along with Rishi Vishwamitra, Laxmanji established a “Shiv-linga” here.  Some centuries ago, a Shiv-linga was found near a pond here.  King Dube of Nagahar wanted to take away the Shiv-linga but could not succeed.  Then he built a temple here.  The temple is still a centre of reverence.
  9. SUJAYAT AND MARCHI:  There is an old mound in a jungle near village Chitbara in Balia District.  It is believed that the said mound is the house of Subahu.  Sujayat is a slang of Subahu.  During excavation of the mound, bowl to collect juice; tong; furnace; and shells were found.  Near the mound an ancient pond has also been found. It is a common belief that village Marchi was the village of Marich.  It is about two kilometres from Sujayat.  As the village is rehabilitated somewhere else, there is no village but the name of Maricha still remains.
  10. BHARAULI AND UJIYAR:  According to the Valmiki Ramayan, Rishi Vishwamitra woke up both Shri Ram and Laxman early in the morning and after completing the natural activities, they started for the Ashram.  There is a saying in the area:         Bhor Bharoli Bhaye Ujiyara, Buxar Jaye Tadaka Mara        (Early in the morning in Bharoli village, Shri Ram went to Buxar and killed Tadaka). It means that Shri Ram was there in a village called Bharoli early in the morning and in a village called Ujiyar when the sun was rising.  Both the villages are situated on the other side of River Ganga and are about two kilometres apart.

  1. AYODHYAJI :    Ayodhyaji is the birthplace of Shriram.  Shriram had started his Van Gaman from here.  The places like Gaya Vedi Kund, Sita Kund, Janoura (Jankaora) etc. are situated within a radius of the 10-12 kms from the city of Ayodhyaji and are, in some way or the other, associated with Shriram’s exile  (Vanvas).
  2. TAMSA COAST :  Shriram had taken shelter here on the first night of his vanvas.  Presently it is known as Mandah and Mandhar and the name of the exact spot is Gaura Ghat.  The word Gaura has been derived from the word Gaurav.  This place is approximately 20 kms from Ayodhyaji.
  3. PURVA CHAKIA:  It is the place near Tamsa Tatt from where Shriram had left the people of Ayodhaya while they were asleep as he wanted them to be saved from the sufferings of vanvas and made his chariot turn in such a way that they could not to follow the way it had proceeded.
  4.  SHRIRAM TEMPLE, TAHDIH:  Tardih has been derived from the word ‘Dah’.  In Awadhi language, Dah means collective mourning. According to folk tradition and belief the people of Ayodhya had collectively mourned at the place after failing to locate Shriram.  Now a temple dedicated to Sita Ramji and Laxmanji stands here.
  5.  SURAJ KUND:  Shriram, Laxman and Sitaji had taken a bath and worshipped the Sun God at Surajkund, which is about 2 kms away from Rampur Bhagan.
  6.  VEDSHRUTI RIVER: The present name of Vedshruti river is Vishuhi.  Shriram had crossed this river somewhere from Ashok Nagar.  Ashok Nagar (Mangari) is 10-15 kms from Tamsa Tatt.
  7.  GOMATI RIVER:  The Ashram of Maharshi Valmiki is situated on the banks of river Gomati. It was from here that Shriram had crossed the river Gomati. Sultanpur’s earlier name was Kushbanpura after Kush, the son of Shriram.
  8.  SAYANDIKA:  Presently Sayandika is known as Sai.  The place from where Shriram crossed the river is known as Devghat and is situated 12 kms away from Pratapgarh.
  9.  VADARTHI:  The present name of the river is Sakarni river.  It is 8 kms East of Pratapgarh.
  10.  BELUKUNI RIVER:  Presently the river is known as Bakulahi.  As the river had a large quantity of sand and pebbles in it, it was named Balukini.  This place is situated at 15-20 kms south of Pratapgarh.

http://www.shriramdarshan.org/RamD1.htm http://www.shriramdarshan.org/Photogalary1.htm http://www.shriramdarshan.org/Photogalary6.htm  

November 04, 2007
A journey through Sri Ram’s footprints—III
By Dr Ram Autar
11. SUJAYAT AND MARCHI
There is an old mound in a jungle near village Chitbara in Balia district. It is believed that the said mound is the house of Subahu. Sujayat is a slang of Subahu. During excavation of the mound, bowl to collect juice; tong; furnace; and shells were found. Near the mound an ancient pond has also been found. It is a common belief that village Marchi was the village of Marich. It is about two kilometres from Sujayat. As the village is rehabilitated somewhere else, there is no village but the name of Maricha still remains.12. BHARAULI AND UJIYAR
According to the Valmiki Ramayan, Rishi Vishwamitra woke up both Sri Ram and Laxman early in the morning and after completing the routine activities, they started for the ashram. There is a saying in the area: Bhor Bharoli Bhaye Ujiyara, Buxar Jaye Tadaka Mara (Early in the morning in Bharoli village, Sri Ram went to Buxar and killed Tadaka). It means that Sri Ram was there in a village called Bharoli early in the morning and in a village called Ujiyar when the sun was rising. Both the villages are situated on the other side of river Ganga and are about two kilometres apart.13. VAMNESHWAR MANDIR
It is said that Lord Vishnu worshiped Lord Shiva here before he appeared on earth as Lord Vaman and he established Vamneshwar Shivalinga. Vishwamitraji showed the Shivalinga to Sri Ram

14 CHARITRA VAN
Sri Ram fought the first battle of his life here and his character of bravery arose here in this jungle. It is also called Tadaka Van. As per Valmiki Ramayan, Tadaka was living here. Sri Ram killed Tadaka here. This place is present very much in today’s Buxar.

15. ASHRAM OF RISHI VISHWAMITRA
The ashram of Rishi Vishwamitra was in a Tapovan. It is also called Siddhashram. But now there is no specific place that can be said to be the ashram. The whole area is called Tapovan and Siddhashram.

16. RAM REKHA GHAT
It is a very famous place of Buxar on the bank of Ganga. It is believed that after killing Tadaka, Sri Ram took bath here. Sri Ram visited this place twice. After Sri Ram was enthroned, He came here to perform a yajna and He marked the place of yajna with the tip of an arrow.

http://tinyurl.com/2hej6f

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