Rama Setu: court issues

Govt.’s affidavit on Rama Setu is blasphemous: BJP New Delhi, Sep 12 (PTI) The BJP today accused the Congress-led UPA government of “blasphemy” by telling the Supreme Court that there was no historical evidence to establish the existence of Lord Rama or the other characters in Ramayana.
“This is sheer blasphemy,” senior BJP leader Vijay Kumar Malhotra said reacting to an affidavit filed by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) rejecting the claim of the existence of the “Ramsetu” or Adam’s bridge in the area where the the Sethusamudram project was under construction.
“It’s an insult to the Hindu faith. We also wonder why Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress chief Sonia Gandhi have been going for the Dussehra festival if their government does not believe in Lord Rama’s existence,” he said.The BJP and other constituents of the Sangh Parivar are opposing the Sethusamudram project saying it would damage an undersea bridge believed to be built by Lord Rama.

“Today, the government in its affidavit says there is no evidence to prove the bridge was built by Lord Rama or that Lord Rama ever existed. This is an attack on Hindu sentiments, a ferocious one,” Malhotra said. PTI http://www.ptinews.com/pti/ptisite.nsf/All/ECFA9F5B822C5ECC65257354003435B8 

Centre denies existence of Rama or Ramayana New Delhi, Sep 12 (PTI) In the midst of a political controversy over the Sethusamudram project, the Centre today told the Supreme Court that there was no historical evidence to establish the existence of Lord Rama or the other characters in Ramayana.
In an affidavit filed before the apex court, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) rejected the claim of the existence of the “Ramasetu bridge” in the area where the project was under construction.
The multi-crore rupee project proposes to provide a shorter sea route from Rameshwaram to Sri Lanka. Referring to the Ramayana, the affidavit said there is no “historical record” to incontrovertibly prove the existence of the character, or the occurrences of the events, depicted therein. PTI http://tinyurl.com/2lmy5b 

No archaeological evidence on Rama Setu, Centre tells SC 

New Delhi, Sept 10 (PTI) Defending the Sethusamudram project, the Centre today told the Supreme Court that there was no archaeological or historical evidence to prove that “Rama Setu,” a mythical barrier also known as Adams’ bridge, was man made.
In a 400-page document submitted to the apex Court, the Centre said the project was being constructed strictly in accordance with law and has a high degree of strategic and financial importance to the country.
Terming the opposition to the project as motivated by “extraneous considerations”, the Centre urged the Supreme Court to “impose exemplary cost” on those opposing it.Former Union Minister Subramaniam Swamy and certain other individuals had filed petitions in the apex Court seeking a stay on the project’s construction on the ground that it would destroy the mythical barrier believed to have been constructed by Lord Rama while marching to Lanka to vanquish the demon-king, Ravana.

Hinting that the petitions were politically motivated, the Centre told the Supreme Court that it was in fact, the previous NDA regime which had approved the project in 2002.

According to the Government, after the NDA government approved the project it was subjected to the mandatory environmental impact assessment, 14 public hearings and other discussions before deciding to execute the project. PTI 

http://www.ptinews.com/pti/ptisite.nsf/All/0ED7144619EAC7D26525735200503317

The following comment is by Kalavai Venkat (12 Sept. 2007). This is consistent with Section 295 of IPC (cf. IAR 1958 page 1302). 

Section 295A. Deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings or any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs
1[295A. Deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings or any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs.

Whoever, with deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of any class of 2[citizens of India], 3[by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise], insults or attempts to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of that class, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to 4[three years], or with fine, or with both.]

 http://www.vakilno1.com/bareacts/indianpenalcode/S295A.htm

In terms of AIR 1958 SC 1032 Veerapathra Chettiar Vs. Ramaswamy Naicker, the latter violated the section when he broke a vinayaka vigraha. It doesn’t matter it is from a temple or whether puja has been done to the vigraha. EVR was punished under the Section according to the Supreme Court judgement.

kalyan 

One does not require evidence that Rama Setu was man made to protect it. For example, there is absolutely no evidence that Jesus existed, yet Christian shrines are protected as a mark of respect for Christian sentiments. There is no evidence that Allah exists or that Muhammad flew out to the heaven on a horse in an overnight expedition, yet the mosque that purports that story is protected as a mark of respect for Christian sentiments.Nothing more, nothing less, Hindus believe that Rama built a bridge in that area. It is sacred waters for the Hindus. It must be protected. One cannot have double standards. (Comment by: Kalavai Venkat, 12 Sept. 2007)

‘Ramar Sethu’ not man made: Centre

Legal Correspondent

New Delhi: The Centre on Monday asserted in the Supreme Court that Adam’s Bridge/‘Ramar Sethu’ was not man made but a natural formation comprising a chain of seven shoals (naturally formed sandbars which are the result of wave action) between India and Sri Lanka and is approximately 30 km long.

On August 31, the court restrained the Centre from causing any damage to ‘Ramar Sethu’ and asked it to file its reply to Janata Party president Subramanian Swamy’s petition.

The case comes up for hearing on September 14.

The Centre said his assertion that the respondents were drilling holes at the alleged ‘Ramar Sethu’ for planting explosives with a view to demolishing the structure was “entirely false and completely misleading.

In a substantial part of Adam’s Bridge, the activity pertaining to the Sethusamudram Ship Canal Project is dredging of sand from the natural seabed to increase the depth by a few metres. The said activity cannot under any circumstance and by any stretch of imagination be construed as an act of demolishing of the entire Adam’s Bridge.”

The Centre said: “The primary basis for the assertions as to the existence of the alleged ‘Ramar Sethu’ are certain photographs which have been published by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S., which show the existence of a chain of sand bars in the Palk Strait between India and Sri Lanka.

“The petitioner inferred that the said photograph constitutes ‘unimpeachable evidence’ of the existence of the alleged ‘Ramar Sethu’ which conclusion is wholly misconceived as the NASA has issued an official clarification that “remote sensing images or photographs from orbit cannot provide direct information about the origin or each of the chain of islands, and certainly cannot determine whether humans were involved in producing any of the pattern seen.”

In public interest

The Centre said the government was fully conscious of the sentiments of the public.

The project had been conceived and was being implemented only in the larger public interest on account of its economic and strategic benefits to the country.

“Studies conducted by the Geological Survey of India between December 2002 and 2005 also conclusively established that Adam’s Bridge is a natural geological formation comprising compact clay, calcareous sandstone and fossiliferous limestone. It cannot be declared a protected monument within the meaning of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 as there is no scientific basis to support the case sought to be made out by the petitioner.”

Alternative route

On the plea for an alternative route, the Centre said, “alignment No.6, which is the present alignment of the Sethusamudram Ship Canal Project, has been validly resorted to after a due consideration of all relevant factors, including ecological factors. None of the other alternatives suggested by the petitioner is viable.”

Any delay in the execution of the project would have a spiralling impact on the cost and therefore on the economic viability of the same which would result in a substantial expenditure of public funds, the Centre said, and pleaded for vacating the interim stay on dredging across Adam’s bridge.

http://www.hindu.com/2007/09/11/stories/2007091159831300.htm 

Centre files affidavit on Ramar Sethu
Tuesday September 11 2007 12:15 IST
ENSNEW DELHI: The Centre has filed an affidavit in the Supreme Court on the interim application filed by Janata Party leader Subramanian Swamy alleging that efforts were on to blast the Ramar Sethu using explosives.
The Centre said that the only activity currently being carried out in relation to the Sethusamudram Project at Adam’s Bridge (Ramar Sethu) was the creation of a 300-metre-wide channel (out of a total length of approximately 30 kilometres) through its breadth, with a depth ranging from 7 metres to 10 metres.The assertion by Swamy that the holes were being drilled into the bridge for planting explosives to demolish the said structure was entirely untrue, the Centre stated.The Sethusamudram Corporation Limited had been conducting dredging operations along the Alignment Number 6 since July, 2005 when the project was inaugurated.Dredging work had been going on at Adam’s Bridge since December, 2006 (at the Southern end) and since February, 2007 (at the Northern end).No objection had been made to the continuance of the project in this area by the petitioner or any other person, the Centre pointed out.

Applications for a stay were filed with regard to the project on several occasions in several judicial fora, including the Apex Court, as recently as August 10, 2007, while the courts had consistently declined interim relief as that would hamper the work of a developmental project, the Centre averred.

A substantial part of the activity at Adam’s Bridge was the dredging of sand from the natural seabed to increase the depth by a few metres.

The activity could not be construed as an act of demolishing the entire bridge.http://tinyurl.com/2eq8ue

No archaeological evidence on Rama Setu, Centre tells SC

New Delhi, Sept. 10 (PTI): Defending the Sethusamudram project, the Centre today told the Supreme Court that there was no archaeological or historical evidence to prove that “Rama Setu,” a mythical barrier also known as Adams’ bridge, was man made.

In a 400-page document submitted to the apex Court, the Centre said the project was being constructed strictly in accordance with law and has a high degree of strategic and financial importance to the country.

Terming the opposition to the project as motivated by “extraneous considerations”, the Centre urged the Supreme Court to “impose exemplary cost” on those opposing it.

Former Union Minister Subramaniam Swamy and certain other individuals had filed petitions in the apex Court seeking a stay on the project’s construction on the ground that it would destroy the mythical barrier believed to have been constructed by Lord Rama while marching to Lanka to vanquish the demon-king, Ravana.

Hinting that the petitions were politically motivated, the Centre told the Supreme Court that it was in fact, the previous NDA regime which had approved the project in 2002.

According to the Government, after the NDA government approved the project it was subjected to the mandatory environmental impact assessment, 14 public hearings and other discussions before deciding to execute the project.

http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/001200709102068.htm

Adam’s Bridge was NDA decision: Govt
11 Sep 2007, 0228 hrs IST , Dhananjay Mahapatra , TNN
SMS NEWS to 58888 for latest updates

 

NEW DELHI: Opposition NDA is shedding crocodile tears over the dredging of Adam’s Bridge or Ram Sethu under the Sethusamudram channel project though it was its regime that had cleared it in 2002, the Centre told the Supreme Court on Monday. Quoting studies independently carried out by scientists from NASA and India, the government said there was no rationale for linking Adam’s Bridge or Ram Sethu to mythology as it was not a man-made structure.Dredging it, without harming the Mannar biosphere reserve, to create an economically profitable as well as strategic navigation route between India and Sri Lanka would not hurt religious sentiments, it said in an affidavit responding to Subramainam Swamy’s petition.It sought vacation of the apex court’s interim order restraining dredging of Adam’s Bridge and quoted a NASA spokesman to state that the bridge was nothing more than a 30-kilometre-long naturally occurring chain of sand banks.It also annexed a study using IRS Satellite data by Marine and Water Resources Group, Space Application Centre, Ahmedabad,which concluded that ” Adam’s Bridge is not man-made in nature”. It said the government had taken all possible clearances, including an environment-impact assessment, before implementing the project,which first figured in Commander Taylor’s proposal in 1860 contemplating cutting a canal across the Tonitorai Peninsula, near Pamban Pass.The route under the project,which involves dredging over a width of 300 metres and depth of 12 metres on Adam’s Bridge, though inaugurated by Prime Minister on July 2, 2005, was approved as far back as October 2002 during the NDA regime.“In fact, the project was vetted and endorsed by no less than 4 ministers of the previous NDA government – Arun Jaitley on March 9, 2001, V P Goyal on October 29, 2002, S Thirunavukkarasar on October 25, 2002, and Shatrughan Sinha – hence objections to the project are completely baseless,” the Centre said.It also rejected another contention of the petitioner that Adam’s Bridge could qualify as an ancient monument and said there was no scientific basis to this contention. It was only a ruse to stop the project that would generate revenue from fees obtained from traffic passing through the channel. It said Taylor’s proposal in 1860 was followed by similar proposals from Townsend (1861), Parliamentary Committee (1862),William Deninson (1863), Stoddart (1871), Robertson (1872), Sir John Code (1884), South Indian Railway Engineers (1903) and Robert Bristow (1922).

The Sethusamudram Project Committee proposal came in 1956. The government cited a environment viability report of National Environment Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), which said no dredging would be required in the Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere. The Centre said this developmental project involved dredging of just one-hundredth of Adam’s Bridge.

http://tinyurl.com/2vowe7

Govt says Ram Setu a myth; BJP up in armsPublished on Wednesday, September 12, 2007 at 15:25 in Nation section New Delhi: The BJP on Wednesday accused the Congress-led UPA government of “blasphemy” by telling the Supreme Court that there was no historical evidence to establish the existence of Ram Setu in the epic Ramayana.“This is sheer blasphemy,” senior BJP leader Vijay Kumar Malhotra said reacting to an affidavit filed by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) rejecting the claim of the existence of the Ram Setu or Adam’s bridge in the area where the Sethusamudram project was under construction.“It’s an insult to the Hindu faith. We also wonder why Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress chief Sonia Gandhi have been going for the Dussehra festival if their government does not believe in Lord Ram’s existence,” he said.The BJP and other constituents of the Sangh Parivar are opposing the Sethusamudram project saying it would damage an undersea bridge believed to be built by Lord Ram.“Today, the government in its affidavit says there is no evidence to prove the bridge was built by Lord Rama or that Lord Ram ever existed. This is an attack on Hindu sentiments, a ferocious one,” Malhotra said.Ram Setu, a historical monument?Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) activists blocked rail and road traffic and clashed with police in many parts of the country on Wednesday morning, protesting the proposal for a navigational sea route between India and Sri Lanka that could damage Ram Setu. The three-hour road blockade to protest the Sethusamudram Shipping Canal project threw traffic off gear in many parts of Mumbai, Delhi, north and north-west India. Schools were also closed in Indore in anticipation of violence. But barring the arrest of 46 VHP supporters in Puducherry, there was hardly any protest across South India. However, BJP Leader ID Swami warned the UPA of dire consequences if they ignored these protests. “This agitation is a warning to the UPA, if the Government doesn’t listen the results will be dangerous,” Swami said.The Opposition says that project is not political but “Hindus are opposed to the demolition of Ram Setu.”Earlier, General Secretary of VHP Orissa unit Gouri Prashad Rath had said that it was a mistake on part of the erstwhile NDA government to sanction the Sethusamudram project as it cannot be completed without demolishing the ancient Ram Setu. The “sacred Setu” should not be touched as it is associated with sentiments of Hindus, he had said. http://tinyurl.com/2fmjoc

2 Responses to Rama Setu: court issues

  1. n.krishna says:

    1. Sonia the Christian plant on India like the earlier CIA plant of a female on Sikkim Royal family

    India is run by Christians and Muslims. A child prostitute from Italy was presented in front of an impressionable young Rajiv Gandhi by a combination of ISI/CIA/OPUS DEI. What we see today is the Christian manipulation to defame and convert Hindus. First Sonia has removed the Ramanavami holiday. Ram’s birthplace is made in to a disputed issue. Now the arrogant Christian Sonia and her Christian ministers are saying that there was no Ram. Her assistant the CM of AP is trying to put pillars in Tiruppati, that is looking like the cross of Christianity.

    If one looks at history there were no Mohammad or Jesus Christ, both of them were the creation of imagination and planted personalities. In Christ’s case it was done after four centuries. In the case of Mohd it was done after two centuries. With life span of around 30 years, these fictitious characters were given more than double that life span and those who wrote the Bible or Koran never seen these characters. There is no historical evidence for the existence of Mohd or Christ. But will the present Christian-Muslim-Sikh UPA govt will dare to say that. If Sonia said that Mohd’s existence or Christ’s existence there is no proof she would have been killed by this time by muslims and Christians. In the case of Rama there are historical geographical and literature evidence exists. The UPA minority christian muslim govt is a curse on India and Indians should remove them.

    Christians in India are invading the privacy of our home on a daily basis with conversion literature. Christians condemn Hindu practices in the Christian mafia school they run, to our children. Christianity is terrorism of the worst kind. Christian missionaries attack other cultures at home and once a thresh hold level of conversion is reached; further conversion is done on a militant level. Young kids are donated to the church from poor christian families, as future slaves of Christianity and is known as Nuns and Priests. These humans are not allowed to marry and are used for conversion. This is a form of religious slavery. With this conversion, economic exploitation of the worst kind occurs. All converted christian nations serve the purpose of the West that looted and enslaved us for centuries. American continent, Australia etc were occupied by a group of Christian nations from Europe. Christianity is nothing by an economic organization that feeds on weaker nations. In Christianity divinity was bestowed by a Roman committee on an unknown fellow who lived four centuries earlier and called him Christ. The Arabs understood it and they created Islam in the same fashion of Christianity. A bunch of pagan Arab traders copied various texts with the help of some christians and planted the divinity on an unknown pagan Arab who lived some 200 years earlier. .

    Both religions claim that they are loving human kind and are for the humanity. Terrorism by Christians in the NE is a daily affair and yet it is covered up by the Christian controlled media of India. In 1857 the people’s reaction in Delhi, should be remembered by the Christians where every Christians was slaughtered in 1857. We don’t want this to happen in India. Christians have killed some half a billion human beings in the name of religion and surpasses the Muslims who have killed around 75 million so far. Christian domination of the government should be limited for their own safety. Christians like Pranab Mukerjee, Ambika Soni, Sonia Gandhi, Y Samuel Rajesekhar Reddy, Oommen Chandy, Mundakkal Mathew Jacob Governer of Meghalaya, Ramesh Chennithala, A.K.Anthony, Vylar Ravi(half Christian as his wife is Christian),Oscar Fernadez, etc which is a never ending list. Also many top government officials like many IGPs, judges etc are handpicked Christians of Sonia.

    On 10-3-2005 some 30 Christian MPs have met the NE terrorist set up NSCN leaders and this should be seen in the light of the calls by ex President Carter for independence for the NE states. Even to get admission in schools and colleges, Hindu children have to convert to Christianity as the Christian church mafia is running the educational institutions with the slave labor of Nuns and Priests control our educational institutions. The nuns and priests are donated to the church while they are kids violating the human norms on slavery and child labor. During British time Christians were British spies. Presently Christians in India are enemies of Hindus. Only time can tell what will happen to the Christians living in India.

    1.Manmohan Singh the ISI/CIA agent. Indo US nuclear treaty is like perpetual Indus water treaty by Nehru

    Manmohan Singh the present PM of India was installed as the Union FM in the Narasimha Rao government (1991-96), by American pressure. Manmohan Singh worked as the Governor, Reserve Bank of India, from September 16, 1982 to January 14, 1985. It was in 1983 while he was RBI governor that he allowed the ISI/CIA bank Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) to open its branch in Bombay. Manmohan was given benefits by BCCI including a foreign scholarship for his daughter. Manmohan was also taken in to the congress party for his service to ISI/CIA. He was first elected to the Rajya Sabha in 1991. To become an M. P. from Rajya Sabha he lied on oath that he was an ordinary resident of Assam which he was not. In spite of the worst financial crises and our gold was being pawned for getting foreign exchange to finance our imports Manmohan gave Rs. 100 Crores to a private trust known as Rajiv Gandhi Foundation headed by Sonia Gandhi. Manmohan was planted as Prime Minister, on US pressure to Sonia and she complied as her background is known to CIA. CIA and the Indian church were operating in a villa in Delhi during last election to help Sonia.

    BCCI used to fund congress party. BCCI protocol department used to supply pre-puberty Pakistani girls and boys to the Abu Dhabi Sheikh Zyed by planeloads. BCCI used to supply Pakistani prostitutes to VIPs all over the world including Indian politicians. Many of these came to light when the bank BCCI collapsed in 1991 with a loss of some 16 billion dollars and the subsequent investigation by the US Senate as well as UK authorities.

    The Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) was founded in Pakistan in 1972. At its peak, it operated in 78 countries, had over 400 branches, and claimed assets of $25 billion. It is the fourth largest bank in history. BCCI became the focus in 1991 of the world’s worst financial scandal and what was called a “$20-billion-plus heist” (Beaty & Gwynne 1993). It was found by regulators in the US and UK to be involved in money laundering, bribery, support of terrorism, arms trafficking, the sale of nuclear technologies, the commission and facilitation of tax evasion, smuggling, illegal immigration, and the illicit purchases of banks and real estate. The bank was found to have at least $13 billion unaccounted for.

    Investigators in the U.S. and the UK revealed that BCCI had been “set up deliberately to avoid centralized regulatory review, and operated extensively in bank secrecy jurisdictions”. Its affairs are extraordinarily complex. Its officers were sophisticated international bankers whose apparent objective was to keep their affairs secret, to commit fraud on a massive scale, and to avoid detection”. BCCI organized its own intelligence network, diplomatic corps, and shipping & trading companies. The liquidators, Deloitte & Touche, filed a lawsuit against Price Waterhouse and Ernst & Young, the bank’s auditors, which was settled for $175 million in 1998. A further lawsuit against the ruler of Abu Dhabi, a major shareholder, was launched in 1999 for around $400 million. BCCI creditors also instituted a $1 billion suit against the Bank of England as a regulatory body. BCCI’s criminality, including fraud by BCCI and BCCI customers involving billions of dollars; money laundering in Europe, Africa, Asia, and the America; BCCI’s bribery of officials in most of those locations; its support of terrorism, arms trafficking, and the sale of nuclear technologies; its management of prostitution; its commission and facilitation of income tax evasion, smuggling, and illegal immigration; its illicit purchases of banks and real estate; and a panoply of financial crimes limited only by the imagination of its officers and customers.

    BCCI’s founder, Agha Hasan Abedi, started the bank in Pakistan in 1972. Abedi had previously set up the United Bank of Pakistan in 1959. Following the nationalization of United Bank in 1971 he sought to create a new supranational banking entity. BCCI was created with capital from Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahayan, ruler of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates, Bank of America (25%) and, the CIA. CIA were seeking a funding route for the Afghan Mujahideen, similar to the Investors Overseas Service and the Nugan Hand Bank in the 1970s. However, the vast majority of BCCI’s assets were initially from Abu Dhabi ruler and in return Abedi regularly supplied prepuberty Pakistani boys and girls purchased through its protocol department.

    BCCI expanded rapidly in the 1970s, pursuing asset growth over profits, seeking high net-worth individuals and regular large deposits. The company itself divided into BCCI Holdings with the bank under that split into BCCI S.A (Luxembourg) and BCCI Overseas (Grand Cayman). BCCI also acquired parallel banks through acquisitions: buying the Banque de Commerce et Placements (BCP) of Geneva in 1976, and creating KIFCO (Kuwait International Finance Company), Credit & Finance Corporation Ltd, and a series of Cayman-based companies held together as ICIC (International Credit and Investment Company Overseas, International Credit and Commerce [Overseas], etc.). Overall, BCCI expanded from 19 branches in five countries in 1973 to 27 branches in 1974, to 108 branches in 1976, with assets growing from $200 million to $1.6 billion. This growth caused extensive underlying capital problems. By 1977, BCCI was in sufficiently dire financial straits that the Guardian later wrote that at this time “BCCI, founded in 1975, was almost certainly insolvent by 1977” – it was using cash from deposits to fund operating expenses, rather than making investments, taking on the attributes of a Ponzi scheme. Nevertheless BCCI continued to expand, moving into the African markets in 1979, and Asia in the early 1980s. They were among the first foreign banks awarded a license to operate in the Chinese Special Economic Zone Shenzhen. Some of China’s largest state banks were depositors in BCCI’s Shenzhen branch.

    By 1980, BCCI was reported to have assets of over $4 billion with over 150 branches in 46 countries. Bank of America was “bewildered” with BCCI and reduced its holding in 1980, and the company came to be held by a number of groups, with ICIC owning 70%. By 1989, ICIC’s shareholding was reduced to 11% with Abu Dhabi groups holding almost 40%, however large numbers of shares were held by BCCI nominees. The internal structure of the bank was unusual. There was rigid compartmentalization and there were 248 managers and general managers and only two people above them, Abedi and the CEO Swaleh Naqvi. F Lee Bailey and Florida state prosecutor Richard Gerstein were the directors of CenTrust Federal Savings Bank, a failed satellite of the BCCI.

    BCCI operated with an uncommon annual auditing system: In 1988, BCCI was implicated in a drug money laundering scheme based in Tampa, Florida, the C-Chase case. The BCCI was called the CIA’s money laundering facility. BCCI pleaded guilty in 1990 but only on the grounds of respondeat superior. In 1990, a Price Waterhouse audit of BCCI revealed an unaccountable loss of hundreds of millions of dollars. The bank approached Sheikh Zayed, who made good the loss in exchange for an increased shareholding of 78%. Much of BCCI’s documentation was then also transferred to Abu Dhabi. Today, BCCI’s lone surviving remnant is the Union National Bank at Abu Dhabi.

    The bank established the Third World Foundation in London, which published the widely circulated Third World Quarterly and paid special attention to the promotion of the Urdu language and literature through the Urdu Markaz located in London. In March 1991, the Bank of England asked Price Waterhouse to carry out an inquiry. On June 24, 1991, using the codename “Sandstorm” for BCCI, Price Waterhouse submitted the Sandstorm report showing that BCCI had engaged in “widespread fraud and manipulation”. Lord Justice Bingham’s report showed that MI5 had known as early as 1987 that Abu Nidal was banking with BCCI in London. The Sandstorm report, included details of how the Abu Nidal terrorist group had held accounts at BCCI’s Sloane Street branch, near Harrods in London. Britain’s internal security service, MI5, had signed up two sources inside the branch to hand over copies of all documents relating to Abu Nidal’s accounts. One source was the Syrian-born branch manager, Ghassan Qassem, the second a young British employee. The Abu Nidal link man for the BCCI accounts was an Arab based in Iraq named Samir Najmeddin or Najmedeen. Throughout the 80s, BCCI had set up millions of dollars worth of letters of credit for Najmeddin, largely for arms deals with Iraq. Qassem later swore in an affidavit that Najmeddin was often accompanied by an American, whom Qassem subsequently identified as the financier Marc Rich. Rich was later indicted in the U.S. for tax evasion and racketeering in an apparently unrelated case, fled the country, and received a controversial pardon from Bill Clinton on January 20, 2001. Qassem also told reporters that he had once escorted Abu Nidal, who was allegedly using the name Shakir Farhan, around town to buy a tie, without realizing who he was. This revelation led in 1991 to one of the London Evening Standard’s best-known front-page headlines: “I Took Abu Nidal Shopping.”

    On July 5, 1991, the Bank of England closed down BCCI. Around a million investors were affected. Amongst the customers of the bank at this time was Garrards and Mappin & Webb, the jewellers responsible for maintaining the crown jewels and makers of the trophy for the America’s Cup. In 1992, United States Senators John Kerry and Hank Brown co-authored a report on BCCI which was delivered to the Committee on Foreign Relations. The BCCI scandal was one of a number of crimes and disasters that influenced thinking leading to the Public Interest Disclosure Act of 1998. The report found that former Defense Secretary Clark Clifford and his business partner Robert A. Altman had been closely involved with the bank from 1978, when they were introduced to BCCI by Bert Lance, to 1991. Clifford and Altman testified to the committee that they had never observed any suspicious activity. The federal government brought indictments against Clifford and Altman and proposed barring them from banking for life, but did not pursue Clifford due to his age and deteriorating health. Altman, however, was indicted and ultimately tried in New York by the office of District Attorney Robert Morgenthau. Despite a failure to convict in the New York trial, Altman nevertheless agreed to be banned from banking under threat of prosecution by the Securities and Exchange Commission.

    The British government also set up an independent inquiry, chaired by Lord Justice Bingham, in 1992. Its House of Commons Paper, Inquiry into the Supervision of the Bank of Credit and Commerce International was published in October of that year. Following the report, the bank’s liquidators launched the Three Rivers vs. Bank of England case, on behalf of thousands of BCCI creditors who are suing the Bank of England for its failure to properly oversee the bank. The BCCI creditors sought £850m in damages, claiming that the Bank of England was guilty of misfeance in public office. The case collapsed in November 2005, with the Bank of England seeking to re-claim legal bills. The cost of the case to the creditors could be as high as £100m. However, in 2002, Denis Robert and Ernest Backes, former number three of Clearstream, described as a “bank of banks” which practices “financial clearing”, discovered that the BCCI had continued to maintain its activities after its official closure, with “microfiches” of Clearstream’s illegal unpublished accounts

    BCCI was extensively used by ISI and CIA. CIA has been involved in drug trafficking to fund illegal operations. CIA was involved in the opium/heroin trade in Asia, The CIA is an intelligence agency of the United States government. CIA is the hidden hand of the US government, for covert operations at the direction of the US President. CIA have authority to conduct “subversive operations abroad,”. In the creation of the Central Intelligence Agency, several disposed Nazi operational agents were recruited as U.S. secret agents. BCCI AND ISI WERE CREATION/ARM OF CIA In its earliest years the CIA, attempted to rollback communism all over the world. In India CIA funded the Christian churches of Kerala to create an agitation against the elected communist government of Kerala. This CIA funding has produced many Christian congress party leaders out of the church Sunday schools of Kerala like the present union defese minister A K Antony and the former Kerala CM Oommen Chandy. CIA was successful in limiting native Communist influence in France, Italy, South America and in India. In Afghanistan CIA’s training, arming, supplying and supporting of the Mujahedeen initiated under Carter and greatly expanded under Reagan, as created international muslim terrorists like Osama Bin Laden and his Al Qaeda terrorist setup. In short A K Anthony and Osama Bin Laden are the CIA products.

    With relatively little funding, the CIA overthrew many governments, replacing them with right-wing, pro-American military regimes. Six million people were killed in America’s Secret Wars in many Third World countries. In Asia and Europe, the CIA recruits politicians, writers, musicians and other personalities. Manmohan was one such recruit. Clark McAdams Clifford is one of the leading players who got Manmohan in to the US agency. Clark was an American lawyer who served Presidents Truman, Kennedy, Johnson and Carter, serving as Secretary of Defense for Johnson. President Johnson on January 19, 1968, appointed Clifford to succeed Robert McNamara as United States Secretary of Defense. Clifford received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from Johnson on the President’s last day in office, January 20, 1969. In 1980, President Jimmy Carter appointed Clark McAdams Clifford as special presidential emissary to India. Carter was given some $10 million by the BCCI for the Jimmy carter center. Clifford served as chairman of First American Bank shares, which grew to become the largest bank in Washington, D.C.. Robert Morgenthau, the district attorney of Manhattan, disclosed that his office had found evidence that the parent company of Clifford’s bank was secretly controlled by BCCI. Morgenthau convened a grand jury to determine whether Clifford and his partner, Robert A. Altman, had deliberately misled federal regulators when the two men assured them that BCCI would have no outside control. Clifford’s predicament worsened when it was disclosed he had made about $6 million in profits from bank stock that he bought with an unsecured loan from BCCI. The grand jury handed up indictments, and the U.S. Justice Department opened its own investigation. Clifford’s assets in New York, where he kept most of his investments, were frozen. Clifford was implicated in the unfolding Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) scandal. The scandal focused on the criminal conduct of the international bank and its control of financial institutions nationwide. BCCI was found by regulators in the United States and the United Kingdom to be involved in money laundering, bribery, support of terrorism, arms trafficking, the sale of nuclear technologies, the commission and facilitation of tax evasion, smuggling, illegal immigration, and the illicit purchases of banks and real estate. The bank was found to have at least $13 billion unaccounted for. The “Report to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the United States Senate,” prepared by U.S. senators John Kerry and Hank Brown, noted that a key strategy of “BCCI’s successful secret acquisitions of U.S. banks in the face of regulatory suspicion was its aggressive use of a series of prominent Americans,” Clifford among them..

    References
    “The BCCI Affair”, Report to the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, Senator John Kerry und Senator Hank Brown, 1992, 102nd Congress 2nd Session Senate Print 102-140 (Rapport Kerry).
    A Full Service Bank. How BCCI stole billions around the world, James Ring Adams and Douglas Frantz, Simon & Schuster Inc., New York ISBN 0-671-72911-X
    America’s Secret Power: The CIA in a Democratic Society. Johnson, Loch K. (1991). Oxford University Press.
    Bankrupt. The BCCI Fraud, Nick Kochan & Bob Whittington, 1991, Victor Gollancz Ltd., Londres, ISBN 0-575-05279-1
    Dark Alliance: The CIA, the Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion. Webb, Gary (May 1999). Seven Stories Press. 1888363932.
    Evil Money. Encounters along the Money Trail, Rachel Ehrenfeld, 1992, Harper Business, ISBN 0-88730-560-1).
    False Profits. The Inside Story of BCCI, the world’s most corrupt financial Empire, Peter Truell,
    George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography by Webster G. Tarpley & Anton Chaitkin
    Killing Hope: U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II. Blum, William (2003). Common Courage Press. ISBN 1-56751-252-6.
    The BCCI Fraud. Bankrupt: Nick Kochan, Bob Whittington London 1991
    The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters. Saunders, Frances Stonor (1999). New Press. ISBN 1-56584-664-8. (AKA, Who Paid the Piper?: CIA and the Cultural Cold War 1999 Granta [UK edition])
    The Outlaw Bank. A wild ride into the secret heart of BCCI, Jonathan Beaty & S. C. Gwynne, 1993, Random House, New York, ISBN 0-679-41384-7
    The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade, Alfred W. McCoy
    The Secret Team: The CIA and Its Allies in Control of the United States and the World. Prouty, L. Fletcher (April 1973). Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-798173-2.
    Time Magazine, 29.July 1991, The world’s sleaziest bank, online unter Cover Story: The Dirtiest Bank of All
    Unholy Wars. Afghanistan, America and International Terrorism, John K. Cooley, 1999, Pluto Press, Londres, Sterling (Virginie), ISBN 0-7453-1328-0
    Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs and the Press. Cockburn, Alexander (October 1999). Verso. ISBN 1-8598-4258-5.
    The Immaculate Deception: The Bush Crime Family Exposed (1991),
    Inside the Company: CIA Diary. Philip Agee.

    3. Indus water treaty a shining example of trechery by Prime Minister Nehru on India.
    If International agreements are not discussed or ratified by the parliament of India, a PM can sell the nation. This was clearly demonstrated in the case of the Indus water treaty. When the Indus water treaty was read it was unbelievable. Our family jewels were given away by Jawaharlal Nehru to Pakistan. The treaty was written for Pakistan, in an amateurish way and the document tries to hide the information about the sharing of resource, which is water, in Claus II of the treaty. The quantum of water to be shared is not mentioned in the main portion like in every such agreement and instead mentions that three eastern rivers ‘Satlaj, Beas and Ravi’ were given to India and three western rivers ‘Indus, Jhelum and Chenab’ were given to Pakistan. Nehru had given away 80.4 % of the water to Pakistan and we got just 19.6 % from all those rivers that are flowing from India. India even paid 62.4 million pounds to Pakistan as compensation after the treaty for the existing water projects in Indian Territory. Strangely Indus treaty is perpetual and violates international treaty norms that existed much earlier. Indus treaty is a document made for Pakistan and is treachery by Nehru.
    The Indus River that made India rises near the Mansarovar Lake on the Tibetan plateau and is 1800 miles long. It enters the Himalayas in southeastern Ladakh. Siachen glacier lies at the extreme northwest of India’s Karakorum regions and is 20,700 feet above sea level. Siachen glacier which is the most prominent feature of the Saltoro mountain range has shaped the entire catchments area of Indus River and borders Pakistan and China. Under the treaty we just got 33 MAF (million acres feet) of annual flow from the eastern rivers and Pakistan got 168 MAF from western rivers. Nehru went to Karachi signed The Indus treaty on September 19, 1960 and it came into existence with retrospective effect from April 1, 1960. Nehru surrendered India’s right by this treaty to build dams and reservoirs or building of storage facilities or diverting the rivers even though India is the upper riparian state. As per Helsinki Rules (1966) a basin state like India has a right to a reasonable and equitable share of the beneficial use of the water in the basin and legally we can scrap the treaty.

    Tibet is the principal watershed of Asia and the source of the Indus River and has its headwaters in western Tibet. Yet Tibet or China is not a party to the Indus treaty and is another reason that we can scrap it. Indus treaty being a one sided treaty we can scrap it unilaterally. Even the public can file a PIL against this treaty in India. Any one, who had given away such national resources to an enemy nation, can only be called traitor of India. Hence GOI should appoint a commission on the role of Nehru in the Indus treaty and other items of national importance. M.A.Jinnah visited Jammu and Kashmir around 1926, 1936 and in 1944. He explained to Mountbatten on 17 May, 1947 that the K of the name Pakistan stands for Kashmir. The waters of the Indus, Jhelum and Chenab all of which flowed through Jammu and Kashmir territory, were essential for Pakistan and is undoubtedly Jugular vein of Pakistan. Nehru did not bother to extend the line of control between Pakistan and India up to Siachen or negotiated the return of POK in return for the Indus water treaty and instead took the Kashmir issue to UN on the insistence of Britain through his sex partner Edwina Mountbatten.
    The 47 mile long Siachen glacier is one of the longest outside of the poles. Pakistan sent its troops to occupy it apparently under the advice of the Americans (read as World Bank) who had funded all the projects down stream of Indus river area. In 1954 Pakistan became the member of South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) and so got the support and guidance of the World Bank for the Indus Water Treaty. The involvement of USA is evident by the fact that the bank had provided financial assistance to Pakistan after the Indus treaty. Bank even gave $28 millions to the Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) government for the construction of water supply schemes in rural areas in 1992. World Bank provided $48 million for the development of rural areas in Azad Jammu and Kashmir in 2001. Again the World Bank in July 2002 approved four projects including POK project called AJK Community Infrastructure and Services Project: totaling US$236.5 million. Pakistan occupied J&K region by its aggression in October 1947 and gifted illegally some 2050 square miles of J&K in February 1963 to China which is now called as the China Occupied Kashmir.
    China occupied parts of Ladakh which is a catchments area. All the occupation of J&K, Pakistan’s gift to China our territory and the effort to occupy Siachen glacier, should be seen as an effort to control the Indus water source by Pakistan. Pakistan is held in check in Siachen and we control these breathless heights. Recently The South Asian chapter of the IUCN (World Conservation Union) has proposed that India and Pakistan jointly establish a Siachen Peace Park to protect the snow leopard and other endangered species. Pakistan is trying to control Siachen by its Siachen Park proposal. Siachen glacier and other glaciers in China occupied Tibet are the source of water for our major rivers. India cannot survive as a nation without these glaciers. Nehru took Kashmir issue to UN, tried to erase Bose’s role in our independence struggle, allowed the creation of Pakistan, created anti Indian ‘Indus water treaty’ without consulting parliament, stole Gandhi surname for his daughter and planted a ruling family that is taken over by the Christian spy Sonia from Italy. International treaties should be approved by the Parliament to save India from traitors like Nehru and Manmohan.

  2. Fantastic publish with some good information, think that i’ll share this on my twitter when you don’t mind and perhaps even blogroll it depending on the suggestions, many thanks for sharing

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