The chosen channel passage in mid-ocean is accessible within 20 kms. from Pulmoddai (Srilanka near Trincomalee) and also within 20 kms. from Manavalakurichi (Tamil Nadu). Is this the reason for the chosen alignment of a channel passage unprecedented in human history? (Suez and Panama are land-based canals not channel passages in mid-ocean).
What will small vessels (< 30,000 dwt) carry? Coastal sands? What is the wealth contained in these sands?
Will the channel help India act as a business proces outsourcing destination for US Navy (seventh fleet based in Diego Garcia) to safeguard the sealanes for oil tankers destined for USA west coast from Straits of Hormuz?
The following reports allege: (1) internationalization of Gulf of Mannar waters as US pressure and
(2) the channel as a conduit to export thorium/titanium containing placer deposit coastal sands. Recent reports of exports of sands containing rare earths raise serious national security questions.
Maharashtra Times, Marathi daily Sept. 2, 2007
Lokmat, Marathi daily, Sept. 2, 2007
Rama Setu to Cochi: strategic security zone
National security imperative is that coastal zone between Rama Setu and Cochi should be declared as Strategic Security Zone; under the direct control of India’s armed forces. The coastal sands of this coast contains (1) 32% of the world’s thorium reserves vital for nuclear energy program and (2) also titanium, a space age metal.
Setusamudram channel project has internationalized the historic waters (recognized under UN Law of the Sea, 1958) in Gulf of Mannar and jeopardised rights commonly, historically enjoyed by India and Srilanka with serious consequences to national sovereignty and integrity. (USA refuses to recognize the ‘historic waters’ declaration of India and Srilanka and operationally asserted the refusal by sending warships to Gulf of Mannar in 1994, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2002).
The recent reports of export of coastal sands containing strategic minerals have highlighted the strategic security implications if the coastal zone between Rama Setu and Cochi is not immediately protected by India’s Defence forces. This coastal zone contains in just three villages (Manavalakurichi of Tamil Nadu and Aluva, Chavara of Kerala) 32% of the world’s thorium reserves.
The urgent demand, in view of the present and imminent danger to India’s national security and reported exports of sands containing strategic minerals, is that:
· An immediate notification be issued by the President of India, banning the private leases of coastal sands and declaring these as national treasure to be protected and used only indigenously to support the nation’s strategic nuclear and space programs.
· Considering the national security imperative, the entire coastal zone between Rama Setu and Cochi with titanium-containing sands and the world’s largest reserves of thorium containing sands (called ilmenite, monazite, rutile, garnet, zircon) should be declared as Strategic Security zone and brought under the direct security control of the Joint Command of the Indian Army, Navy and Airforce.
See court papers related to alleged export of the coastal sands from this coastal zone at http://www.slideshare.net/kalyan97/courtpapers1/
There are four places on earth which are the target for exploitation of the richest mineral resources on earth:
Manavalakurichi, Tamil Nadu
Pulmoddai, Sri Lanka
These four locations have coastal sands containing ilmenite and monazite among other minerals. Ilmenite and Monazite sands yield Titanium and Thorium.
In his speech to the Parliament in March 2007, the President of India said that the current electricity generation capacity in India is 120000 MW and is expected to increase to 400000 MW by the year 2030. Bhaba Atomic Research Center (BARC) estimates that about 30 % of world’s thorium deposits, or about 225000 tons of thorium, are found on the beaches of Kerala. This will support about 387 years of electricity generation at 2030 capacity levels! http://www.ivarta.com/columns/OL_070508.htm
Ilmenite Sand export from Tuticorin port increased from 0.21 lakh tonnes in 2000-01 to 0.62 lakh tonnes in 2001-02 registering an increase of 195.24%. http://www.tamilnadunri.com/docs/tn/infrastructure/TuticorinPort.doc
Similar exports of strategic mineral sands occur from Pulmoddai (near Trincomalee) in Srilanka which is now under LTTE control. This leads to a possibility that the Setu channel as a mid-ocean passage is likely to be used such export operatives, particularly after it gets recognized as international waters under pressure from USA.
Annex 1 Protect Rama Setu, the historic and holy monument: Statement issued by Shri. V.R.Krishna Iyer former Supreme Court Judge on 14 August 2007
Annex 2 Rama Setu in richest thorium coast of the world
Annex 3 Geological and Mineral map of Tamilnadu and Pondicherry, 1995 Scale 1: 500,000 (Published by Director General, Geological Survey of India)
Annex 4 Needed: Mines and minerals regulatory authority of India
Annex 5 Why Thorium?
Annex 6 Notice sent to Secy., DAE, Govt. of India and Hon’ble PM of India
Annex 7 First Information Report and related court papers (19 pages) may be downloaded from: http://www.slideshare.net/kalyan97/courtpapers1/
Annex 8 Failure to protect thorium and Ramsetu (intertwined earth science phenomena)
Annex 9 Former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam:
thorium for energy independence
Annex 10 1st thorium unit in India soon
Annex 11 India’s importance in global nuclear renaissance up: Chidambaram
Annex 12 RSS for use of thorium deposits
Annex 13 A strategy for growth of electrical energy in India
Annex 14 Foreign firms interested in India’s thorium deposits
Annex 15 Fast-breeder reactors more important for India
Annex 16 Design and development of the AHWR—the Indian thorium fuelled innovative nuclear reactor
Annex 17 Thorium: UIC Briefing Paper # 67
Annex 18 Sensitivity analysis for AHWR fuel cluster parameters using different WIMS
Annex 19 Role of small and medium-sized reactors
Annex 20 India’s nuclear power programme moves ahead
Annex 21 Nuclear power using thorium
Annex 22 SLN ship under siege off Pulmoddai coast
Annex 23 An overview of world thorium resources, incentives for further exploration and forecast for thorium requirements in the near future (KMV Jayaram)
4 Sept. 2007